Explore the Three Different Types of Bulgarian Dogs

Bulgarian dog diverged from wolves some 20,000 to 40,000 years ago when human hunter-gatherers domesticated them. It is vital background information before considering the wide variety of dogs found in Bulgaria. Throughout the centuries of domestication, wolves underwent behavioural and genetic changes that led to the development of modern dogs. Shepherds in Bulgaria’s Family Tree The historic Bulgarian dog migratory movement started in the Central Asian—Afghanistan and Iran region, where dogs are native.

Outward manifestations

Black and well-defined, with wide nostrils, the nose is a striking feature. The teeth are sturdy and range in colour from pearly white to ivory. A scissor-like bite characterizes this creature. The eyes are low on the head without bulging outward and are a dark, rich hue that conveys emotion. It is possible to seem somewhat paler if white pigment from the skull region of the head predominates. The ears are at their specific positions, which are usually very high. It’s also possible to spot individuals that don’t fit the breed standard by having unusually low-placed years.


The “Karakachan” stands out among the canine species since it is the breed that was first developed in Bulgaria to protect cattle in the mountains. It is also known as a Bulgarian Shepherd or a Thrace Mollo. The Karakachan is called after the nomadic Karakachans of the Balkans. The Karakachan sheep, Karakachan horse, and Karakachan dog are among Europe’s oldest breeds of domestic animals, and they have been kept alive thanks to the region’s traditional stock-breeding traditions.


Formerly, this kind of Mountain dog was often employed by the Bulgarian dogs military to keep watch along the country’s frontiers. This breed of dog’s modern purpose is to protect cattle and private property. Bulgaria and the United States are home to the most working purebred livestock guarding Karakachan dogs worldwide.

Bulgarian Hound

The Bulgarian Hound, also known as the Bulgarian Barak, is, without a doubt, the country’s most well-known hunting breed. For ages, this dog has been vital to the success of Bulgarian hunters. Its actual origins and timing of arrival on Bulgarian soil are both conjectured.  It is a kind of dog that has been around for a very long time; according to legend, modern-day Baraks descended from canines brought to Europe from Asia 1,340 years ago! Incredibly, these canine species have survived to the present day.


Bulgaria, Bosnia, Turkey, and other Balkan nations are home to the Barak and its cousins. Although no longer typical, Baraks formerly had widespread acclaim. They were even credited with launching the illustrious Griffin hunting hound line when they were brought back from the Balkans by returning French knights during the Fourth Crusade.


Like many other types of scent-tracking canines, the Bulgarian Hound has a deep connection to its human family but maintains a strong sense of autonomy. They tend to be proactive and unreliant on their hunter, allowing them to think for themselves.

The Bulgarian Scenthound

The Bulgarian Scenthound or bulgarsko went, is a kind of hunting dog with Bulgarian origins. While common inside Bulgaria, you won’t find many of these dogs anywhere else. The Bulgarian Republican Federation of Cynology, affiliated with the Fédération Cynologique Internationale, officially recognizes it. It is unknown when or how the Bulgarian Scenthound first appeared in Bulgaria.


The Bulgarian Scenthound is an active dog breed that thrives on having a purpose in life. The breed has the propensity to form strong bonds with family members, especially with one particular member.


Ultimately, Bulgaria is home to a small yet unique collection of dog breeds. Most of these breeds were developed for one of two primary functions: protecting livestock or tracking and hunting game. Regardless of their names, all Bulgarian dog breeds have the same characteristics of strength, bravery, and determination.


To what breed do Bulgarian stray dogs belong?

In 2005, the Karakachan was recognized by the government of Bulgaria as a genuine historic native breed.

Can you tell me everything I need to know about bringing my dog to Bulgaria?

A microchip, current rabies vaccination, and an EU pet passport or EU health certificate are the minimum requirements for travelling with your dog in Europe.